10 Signs of Low Blood Pressure


10 Signs of Low Blood Pressure. Hypotension, or low blood pressure, is when
systolic pressure is below 90, and diastolic pressure is below 60. Low blood pressure is a red flag because it
indicates inadequate blood flow to the vital organs including the heart and brain. For healthy people, low blood pressure may
be of no consequence. Sometimes, however, it can be life-threatening. Causes of low blood pressure may include loss
of blood due to bleeding, low body temperature, sepsis, heart disease, medication, dehydration,
or an anaphylactic allergic reaction. The following signs and symptoms may indicate
low blood pressure. 1. Dizziness/lightheadedness. Have you ever felt dizzy or lightheaded when
standing up too quickly? The reason was due to a sudden drop in blood
pressure. Low blood pressure means that not enough oxygen
is reaching your vital organs. When you feel dizzy or lightheaded, there
is a (sometimes brief) lack of oxygen supply to the brain. When the brain is cut off from its oxygen
supply, it cannot function properly. A brief feeling of dizziness or lightheadedness
when standing up is called orthostatic hypotension, or postural hypotension. If the lightheaded feeling is ongoing, it
is recommended to see a doctor. 2. Blurred vision. Another symptom of orthostatic hypotension,
a person may experience blurred vision when going from a sitting to a standing position,
or during or after strenuous activity. This is especially common among the elderly
and raises concern for a traumatic fall. Pregnant women also commonly experience symptoms
of low blood pressure including blurred vision, especially when standing. 3. Weakness. Weakness in the entire body is an indication
that the organs and limbs are not receiving adequate oxygen supply—this is one of the
signs of low blood pressure. A person who experiences blood loss accompanied
by weakness most likely has low blood pressure and may be in danger of going into shock. Shock is considered a medical emergency, and
it is a condition in which a person has dangerously low blood pressure, and the vital organs are
not receiving enough oxygen. Shock may result in permanent damage or even
death. 4. Nausea. One of the symptoms of low blood pressure
and low blood supply to the vital organs and periphery is nausea. A person may experience a brief feeling of
nausea due to orthostatic hypotension, or it can accompany long-term hypotension along
with fatigue. When a person experiences nausea and vomiting
or diarrhea together, he may have hypotension due to loss of fluids. Severe nausea that is accompanied by other
symptoms (and not due to a known cause such as pregnancy) requires immediate medical attention. Make sure to drink plenty of fluids with electrolytes
to stay hydrated. 5. Fatigue. When low blood pressure is consistent rather
than sudden, one of the signs may be fatigue or constant tiredness. Studies show that systemic hypotension is
associated with persistent tiredness—but they are not mutually exclusive. Long-term hypotension that is accompanied
by symptoms like fatigue may indicate a more serious underlying problem. If you are experiencing constant fatigue or
tiredness, make an appointment with your general practitioner to rule out a more serious health
issue. 6. Fainting (syncope). When blood pressure drops rapidly resulting
in the sudden onset of symptoms, a person may faint. Fainting is a loss of consciousness due to
inadequate blood flow to the brain. When there is reduced oxygen supply to the
brain, however brief, it can result in symptoms like dizziness, lightheadedness and even loss
of consciousness. One example of this is due to a severe case
of orthostatic hypotension. People may lose consciousness because of reduced
blood volume, or hypovolemia—one of the most common causes of hypotension. This may be a result of hemorrhage, dehydration/starvation,
or excess fluid loss due to vomiting or diarrhea. 7. Confusion. Confusion or disorientation are signs that
a person is not receiving enough oxygen to the brain. Any time a person is experiencing confusion,
it indicates a medical problem. If you or a loved one is experiencing confusion
or disorientation, seek immediate medical attention. 8. Cold, clammy, pale skin. This is one indication that a person has gone
into shock. When blood pressure is dangerously low, the
body compensates by constricting blood vessels in the periphery to maintain normal blood
pressure in the vital organs. This results in loss of blood to the arms
and legs—the reason for cold, pale, or clammy skin. 9. Rapid, shallow breathing. Rapid, shallow breathing is considered a medical
emergency. It is one sign that a person may be going
into shock. Low blood pressure is an indication that a
person is not receiving the proper oxygen supply throughout the body—and when a person
is breathing quickly and unnaturally, it is a sure sign that they are struggling to get
more oxygen. 10. Weak pulse
A weak pulse is considered a medical emergency. It indicates that the pressure of the heartbeat
is weak—meaning the person has low blood pressure. A weak pulse is one indication that a person
has gone into shock. Often this happens after blood loss due to
bleeding, but anytime a person has a weak pulse, immediate medical attention is required. Some people live with low blood pressure their
entire lives, and they are perfectly healthy. Other times, low blood pressure may indicate
a more serious underlying medical condition or a medical emergency. Talk to a health professional if you have
signs of low blood pressure.

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