Craniotomy and Craniectomy

Craniotomy and Craniectomy

Your doctor may recommend
a craniotomy or craniectomy procedure to treat a
number of different brain diseases, injuries,
or conditions. Your skull is made
of bone, and serves as a hard, protective
covering for your brain. Just inside your skull,
three layers of tissue called meninges
surround your brain. The thick, outermost
layer is the dura mater. The middle tissue layer
is the arachnoid mater, and the innermost
layer is the pia mater. Between the arachnoid
mater and the pia mater is the subarachnoid
space, which contains blood vessels and a clear fluid
called cerebrospinal fluid. Blood vessels, called
bridging veins, connect the surface of your
brain with the dura mater. Other blood vessels,
called cerebral arteries, bring blood to your brain. Inside your skull,
normal brain function requires a delicate
balance of pressure between the blood in
your blood vessels, the cerebrospinal fluid
that surrounds your brain, and your brain tissue. This is called normal
intracranial pressure. Increased intracranial
pressure may result from brain
tumors, head injuries, problems with your
blood vessels, or infections in your
brain or spinal cord. These conditions put
pressure on your brain, and may cause it
to swell or change shape inside your skull, which
can lead to serious brain injury. Your doctor may
recommend a craniotomy to remove abnormal brain
tissue such as a brain tumor, a sample of
tissue by biopsy, a blood clot called a hematoma,
excess cerebrospinal fluid, or pus from an infection
called an abscess. A craniotomy may also be done
to relieve brain swelling; stop bleeding,
called a hemorrhage; repair abnormal blood vessels;
repair skull fractures; or repair damaged meninges. Finally, a craniotomy
may also be done to treat brain
conditions such as epilepsy, deliver medication
to your brain, or implant a medical device
such as a deep brain stimulator. The most common reason
for a craniotomy is to remove a brain tumor. Before your procedure, you will
be given general anesthesia to make you unconscious
and pain-free. The skin on your
scalp will be shaved over the location of the tumor. To begin, your surgeon will
make an incision in your scalp. One or more small holes
will be made in your skull. Then, your surgeon
will connect the holes to create a circular piece
of bone called a bone flap, and remove it. Your surgeon will make an
incision in the dura mater to expose your brain. Then your tumor will be removed. The incision in the dura mater
will be closed with sutures. Your surgeon will reattach the
bone flap with metal plates and screws that will remain
in your skull for life. You may have a variation
on a craniotomy called a craniectomy, if your
brain is very swollen or your skull is infected. Your surgeon may delay
reattaching the bone flap until a later procedure, to
allow time for the swelling to go down. At the end of either a
craniotomy or a craniectomy, your scalp incision will
be closed with staples, and your head will be
wrapped in bandages. If you had a craniectomy, you
will have another procedure called a cranioplasty
at a later date, after the swelling goes down. At that time, your surgeon
will reattach your bone flap with metal plates
and screws, then close the skin
incision with staples. After either procedure,
you will stay in the hospital
for several days. Your caregiver will
check your brain function by asking you questions, and
shining a light in your eyes. You may be given medication
to prevent complications.



  • Jaswinder Kaur

    May God help her..

  • 黃美蘭



    My siblings affect the above procedure due to her 3 three years. After operation she little bit lost her eyesight after giving continue treatment and eye exercise she got her eyesight and now she I'll be normal to do her work. That shunt operation was done in Bangalore Nimhans the doctor team head was Dr. SUNDARRAJAN MD. He is a neuro surgeon Thank god

  • night blue


  • Dave Slim

    If only it was this easy. But this is very educative

  • ahmad nikidos

    So scary….

  • Grace Marie Aguilar

    thanks Lord for the gift of Doctors performing these kind of procedures. hoping and praying one day to become a gift to someone's life by performing the same tasks in order to save a life.
    to God be the Glory!!!

  • Muhammad F Adam

    Thanks you so much for your educative videos

  • Hercules 725FV

    0:45 see don’t be afraid of spiders

  • Dr Rajendra sheregar Rajendra

    Open Google Doc Rajendra sheregar And see images videos litreture medical science institution Cardiovascular and multìspeciality BRAIN TRAUMA SURGERY

  • mrtoolegittoquit2


  • Sugureshwar Sugu

    Amazing doctor mind Love's.

  • Fora Fora

    Omg, they can surgery my brain?😷

  • xYottaByte Gaming

    ohh man that look so good… man i love this.
    but i don't know why.

  • coc0s

    This makes me want to never leave my house.

  • sammed patravali

    Gud video plse use simple English language

  • A canaX r

    Flat earthers

  • Marek Bialeš

    Why i even clicked on this…even that thumbail is scary

  • Homie Spaghetti

    This kind of stuff gives me anxiety

  • amazing surgery subscribe for more amzing video

  • Kicks 467

    Thats great and all but did you know they did surgery on a grape

  • Dr. waleed

    Can maxelofacial surgeon do it ?

  • Amin Ahwazi

    For 13 years i though that the skull was a vat of water that your brain sat in

  • nisreen calcutta

    When my cousin was about 9 months he died because of brain tumor. May his soul get into heaven. 😢

  • joel 56

    "Your skull is made of bone"

  • UnsaltedReconPlane



    This was on my recommended…

  • Ritik Nikunj

    How intercranial presssure increases?

  • Steven Reardon

    I'm scared 😐 Do the headaches go away ?

  • fucken killer jason


  • fucken killer jason


  • Athanasios Anton

    What program was used to create this 3D model?

  • Hyperotical

    Wanna sprite cranberry?!

  • Government Spy Drone

    I came here for answers yet I left with more questions.

  • Arroyo Airsoft

    When the doctor steals your brain flap


    Best channel for learn.. Although very short videos but full of basics..thanks a lot

  • apenas um canal de Souza

    I love to see how its inside the brain

  • Nagaveniriyaah123 Pooja

    Hi i need a help feom you .I have a short memory and i am not able to concentrate in any matters plz suggest me is any seriouse in my condition

  • Handsome Squidward


  • Kelvin Brown

    Brain damange

  • Kelvin Brown

    Blue wires

  • Kelvin Brown

    Red wires in brain

  • _catie catie_

    Ok but…why is this in my recommended???

  • Sanjib Chakraborty


  • Smug Smugly

    I got laid off when they closed that asbestos factory, and wouldn't you know it, the army cuts my disability pension because they said that the plate in my head wasn't big enough.

  • CountlessPWNZ

    ohh fuggg, i shidded my derbants.

  • Trap Bay

    This vid make me think, some doctor cant do this shit and make people died from accident by themself. I guess

  • LukeSider

    Why is this in my recommend…

  • LukeSider


  • Luka RK

    3:42 thank me NOW

  • aidansplat

    So basically if you get a craniectomy you walk around with a fucking hole in your head, class

  • Ram Martin

    This is done to my a swelling was got on my brain 🧠 and crinotomy was made but my left hand and leg got paralysis, what will be the option or treatment for that please help me out please

  • DPR[FTW]

    Why is every medical video have such creepy narrators lol
    It makes me uncomfortable
    Edit: I just heard the part where it says It WILL Be Kept together by staples and SCREWS will remain in your head for life….WTF

  • Maria mae

    May ganya po si lola

  • Chandumouni Chandu

    Thanks ur vedio get the knowledge thank u so much

  • dr asem


  • kavhzoaoa l

    why am I watching this?!

  • mjtood steem

    Anybody else gets scared when the narrator says you? I feel like a doctor is talking to me telling that i need surgery

  • mahammad rafi

    How many days to swelling go to down

  • mahammad rafi

    Please reply my 5year child swelling problem how many days go to down swelling

  • Art Gamer

    I have headaches every day, and I’m scared if I might have a brain tumor.

  • Hollie Fletcher

    Anyone else’s head throbbing while watching this?

  • Stephanie Rayside Rayside

    My friend die from brain tumor😢

  • Xian Calma

    Why does my head hurt when i move?

  • ThE fOrTnUt BaNaAnA5

    2:35 can't read what is said BTW

  • h j

    Crazy how fast medical surgeries advance.

  • Abu Yousuf


  • yuvraj Patel


  • Monika Bhuriya


  • ravi ajmeera

    In telugu lo

  • Arden Nielsen


  • Joshua Jackson

    The tumor looks disturbing

  • Gannon Phillips

    I got a odd bump on the back of my head no pain or anything it’s just a bump what y’all think it is

  • iam tabi


  • Henry Akueme

    Please help me. I am typing this with tears on my eyes. I have a brain tumour that cannot be operated on here in my home country due to the location of the tumour and lack of equipment, I was advised to seek medical treatment outside..I have sent my medical records to several hospitals around the world. The cost estimate we got my family can't afford it. Please help, the tumour is affecting every aspect of my life

    [email protected]

  • Pelle P Fischer Dichmann

    You: your skull is made out of Bone me: yeah no shit

  • kyutboi123

    Wow youtube is recommending me weird videos again.

  • Kevin Alvarado

    For some reason I can actually feel my brain after watching this video

  • massiha aaryaee

    someone call derek shepherd

  • Gaddam srinivas

    Good explanation

  • BmnGameBoy

    For something that holds knowledge it sure knows how to die


    hello, my name is Iris.
    I am so glad to learn English in Youtube. I am a student

  • Selvi T

    I have sudden head pain which lasts for a minute and then disappear……. But it is often and cannot be judged when it comes…..
    A doctor suggested me a tonic syrup for nutrition and vitamin…… But don't know the real cause of it…… Haven't taken any scan yet

    What it would be???

  • Hey Hallie Rae

    Literally nobody:
    This video: SAMPLE USE ONLY

  • Jayrick Sitjar

    I just watch this to know the procedure or surgery for brain tumor.

  • Małgorzata Adamczak

    Super Brzozów zmiennica głuchych Maryja Polska 🇵🇱⚪💛

  • Predator Sinatra

    Why is YouTube showing me this. I'm scared. What are you trying to tell me!!

  • -.- Cat

    Why does the metal plates and staples has to remain there for life? Does that not complicated things when a later MRI is needed?

  • CZ SwRv

    I’m getting smarter

  • Chris

    Ive hit my head so much to a point where my facial nerves sometimes fail to function and im not the same person i was when i was a little kid. Was also child abused bad back then 4 some reason. I also lose balance sometimes, rm im 17 and know i have cte but my dad wont believe it, he just tell me im acting like a pussy and dont wanna hear it. I was also born with either down syndrome or autism. I dont really want any surgery bc my anxiety will get me :/

  • Maxine Hussy

    My brother in law had a large tumor in his brain . Thank goodness it was benign This is interesting.

  • _ MIKIMOTO _

    Why in the actual fuck is this on my recommendations 🤷🏻‍♂️

  • TheCarelessGamer

    Man that SCREWS you up

  • Warden

    big braaain

  • The Pro Cuber

    So after this were living IKEA furniture? Wow

  • Jesse Johnson

    RIP bruce Lee

  • Naziya Mirza

    great way of explanation nd..yr way of speeking is too good…txxx for the vedio

  • Midnight真夜中

    Soooo what happens to the hair

  • Devendra Reddy

    Please dubbed hindi

  • Tamil Empire

    Please tell about dulcoflex tablets

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