How is SINGAPORE facing the HOUSING problem? – VisualPolitik EN

How is SINGAPORE facing the HOUSING problem? – VisualPolitik EN


If I ask you to think of
a country where more than 80% of the inhabitants live in state-built homes,
many will surely think of a socialist republic or maybe a former Soviet bloc country, right? But… What if I told you that this figure corresponds
to one of the countries with the freest and most deregulated economies? Possibly the most capitalist country in the
world. Surprised? Well, Singapore is an unusual case, an exception
in terms of housing models. This Southeast asian city-state, famous for
its towering skyscrapers, impossible architecture and for being one of the largest financial
centers in the world, has developed a public housing system that is globally unique. Some of you may be thinking, but Simon, you
already told us, on this very channel, that Vienna also has an extensive public housing
system! Well yes, you’re right. However, we’re talking about two very different
models. Completely different. The great difference between Vienna and Singapore’s
model lies particularly in the percentage of property owners. While the Viennese model is oriented towards
rentals, three-quarters of the population rents city council-owned homes, the Singapore
model is just the opposite. More than 90% of Singapore’s citizens own
their own homes. Of course, 80% own homes promoted, built and
granted by the state. Yes, we’re talking ownership-oriented public
housing. Ownership with a few catches, if we’re being
completely honest. But… We’ll talk about that later. First, we need to ask ourselves some questions: Why does Singapore apparently reject the free
market real-estate model? How on earth can they develop a property-oriented
public housing system? How has this model affected private real estate
developments? And…Is the Singapore model replicable in
other countries? Well, let’s get to the bottom of all these
questions. Listen up. (SINGAPORE, LITTLE LAND AND A HUGE POPULATION) Dear friends of VisualPolitik. First, we need to familiarise ourselves with
the context. Check out this map. (MAP) Singapore is a city-state with just over 700
km2 but with more than five and a half million inhabitants. This has forced more than 70% of the land
to be built on. Those are the red areas of the map. The remaining 30% includes mostly protected
areas or land where one simply can’t build. Basically, the city is overflowing. Faced with such a scenario, it wouldn’t
be unreasonable to think that accessing a home in Singapore would be a headache, would
it? After all, that’s the case in similar places
such as Hong Kong. Well, strangely enough… It isn’t. The reason has a lot to do with Singapore’s
unique urban development model. Check this out, in 1960 the Singapore government
created the Housing and Development Board, a public housing company that’s responsible
for regulating and managing the land, as well as building and developing real estate projects. And that’s because since 1967, most of the
land in Singapore has been publicly owned. In that year, 1967, the so-called Land Acquisition
Act was approved, which enabled the government to take back ownership of all the land. That means, the land marketed for real estate
development is made available under the Housing Board’s criteria. That is, there isn’t a price system in land
commercialization. Let me explain it in another way. This public body determines how many homes
it will build; and at what prices and under what conditions they will be marketed – evidently
always below the potential market price. On the other hand, it’s this same organization,
this Housing and Development Board, which draws land for auction so private developers
can build completely private real estate projects. Of course, in every case, the land continues
to be publicly owned, that is, the homeowners cannot do whatever they want with it – for
example they can’t sell their homes to build a hotel. And the property is more a concession than
a property. Allow me to explain myself. When a citizen of Singapore – and I emphasize
this because foreigners can’t buy new public housing – gets one of these homes, they
aren’t really acquiring the land’s ownership nor the house itself, but only the right to
stay in it, a kind of lease that lasts for 99 years. After that period, the house returns to the
state. This is how the Prime Minister of Singapore
explains it: (AUDIO: “After 99 years, the flat comes
back to the state, the Government redevelops the land, and builds new flats for future
generations. This is the only way to recycle the land,
to ensure all our descendants can buy new flats of their own. If instead the Government sold you the flat
on freehold … Sooner or later we would run out of land to build new flats.” Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore.) And, you have to be careful, because in private
developments this period may be even shorter. Of course, during the lease period “the
owners” can do whatever they deem appropriate with the house. If they don’t want to live in it, they can
sell it or rent it. In fact, it isn’t uncommon, if things are
going well, for those who own older homes to sell or rent the “public” homes, which
tend to be very austere – especially the old ones – in order to move into private
developments, which in Singapore’s case are far more luxurious. But the peculiarities of this curious system
don’t end there. Since the body that builds and sells most
homes is public, the government uses it as a social policy instrument. Or rather, an instrument of social engineering. For example, to avoid the formation of ghettos
given that Singapore’s population has a certain racial diversity, a building or development’s
dwellings are allocated in such a way that the proportion of owners has an ethnic distribution
that reflects the distribution in the whole country. The population distribution by ethnic group
in Singapore looks something like this: In each block of homes the owners are distributed
more or less in the same way. If a block or a project has, for example,
100 homes, then we’ll find 74 Chinese owners, 13 Malaysian owners, 9 Indian owners, and
so on. However, that’s not a bad thing. Perhaps the worst aspect of this model is
that the government uses the granting of homes to promote certain life models. For example, traditional couples don’t have
any problems applying for a government property, but single people or same-sex couples… Well, let’s just say it’s much more complicated
for them. Surprised? Isn’t it strange to find such interventionism
in a supposedly capitalist place? Well, it shouldn’t be surprising, we already
told you that Singapore’s political, economic and social model is a kind of mix between
free-market capitalist policies and very, very paternalistic policies where the state
actively promotes certain ways of life and punishes others. In this case, in the area of housing, not
only in housing allocation, but also, for example, mortgage approvals, conditions are
very advantageous for people who meet the state-imposed criteria. If you don’t, well… bad luck. Do you want to live alone? Sorry. Do you want to live with a friend? Too bad. Do you want to live with your same-sex partner? Well… you know… we wish we could help
but… Now, beyond these rather questionable practices,
the truth is that this system has been quite successful. Public housing is much more affordable in
Singapore than in other cities with comparable economic success, such as London, Sydney or
Hong Kong. On average, new buyers spend less than a quarter
of their income on their mortgage. But… just a second. All this isn’t free. (THE ECONOMIC INVOICE DILEMMA) If the government of Singapore is known for
one thing, it’s for keeping taxes and public spending at bay. However, things are different with this whole
housing issue. The system is clearly lacking: (AUDIO: HDB reports $1.47 billion loss in
latest financial year as fewer flats sold – Channel New Asia) 1.5 billion dollars, that’s the difference
between what urbanization and construction work costs the state and the income it receives
from selling the homes. That’s 1.5 billion dollars that is financed
from the public budget. The whole housing scheme is basically financed
with taxes. Regardless of land ownership, this is the
annual allocation that the Singapore government devotes to its housing policy. A perfectly acceptable amount for an economy
as big as Singapore’s. Now, does this mean that the governments of
other countries should take back ownership of city lands and oversee housing development,
just like the Singapore government does? Not at all. Singapore’s case is very particular. We’re talking about a city-state with huge
economic success, a state which is managed almost like a company and where land limitations
are more than evident. The differences with other countries are quite
obvious. Nor is it clear that if it was operating as
a free market – a truly free one – the results would be much different. Not to mention the enormous power that such
systems grant politicians to design societies at will. But what Singapore has really achieved with
this model – and I think it’s undeniable – has been to develop an urban planning
and real estate price scheme that favors the development of many other activities with
greater added value. For example, given that housing prices are
capped, Singaporean citizens have a greater capacity to save and invest in, for example,
new businesses. Anyway, this is Singapore’s unique model,
yet another model up for debate. So, now it’s your turn. What do you think of the Singaporean housing
model? Leave your answer in the comments. So I really hope you enjoyed this video, please
hit like if you did, and don’t forget to subscribe for brand new videos. Don’t forget to check out our friends at
the Reconsider Media Podcast – they provided the vocals in this episode that were not mine. Also, this channel is possible because of
Patreon, and our patrons on that platform. Please consider joining them and supporting
our mission of providing independent political coverage. And as always, I’ll see you in the next
video.

Comments

(100 Comments)

  • VisualPolitik EN

    Get 1 year of premium antivirus & free VPN for just $20 at https://www.totalav.com/visualpolitik

  • Kushagra Jha

    Please make a Iran and United States situation video

  • Jacob Riis

    You should also make an episode about how Singapore manages car ownership. It can be quite expensive to buy a car there.

  • TheMalarz1989

    So, each time you are talking about Singapure, you are saying it is one of the freest and most deregulated economies, but we constantly hear that they are very regulated. Housing? Regulated. Health care? Regulated. Everything seems to be regulated and supported by the state. In which way are the most free and unregulated economies? What do you mean by that?

  • X Y Z

    Small country, large population = effing huge housing problem!

  • Chris Hansen

    great model pretty city wonderful people!

  • Tomasz Elliott

    Ok model dont apreciate the homophobia

  • tsuchan1

    What do I think? I think that I still don't know enough about it to comment much. But denying public housing to gay or single couples sounds horrible.

  • ginsunh

    It seems that some minor changes to Singapore's methods could go a long way towards improving personal freedoms without changing the state's authority. Either way, I would love to visit Singapore.

  • swsw88

    Singapore, my truly home where I belongs.

  • The Shadow Man

    It works, don’t try to fix it.

  • Yew Kee Wong

    the video should show the types of public housing that 80% of Singaporeans are staying and not the commercial buildings

  • Vee Kwok

    As a Singaporean, I can vouch that public housing in this tiny city is the best in the world in view of its scarcity of land. The flats built are very decent in quality and the amenities are very well planned, especially in the newer estates.

  • nubserver

    Singapore is democratic enough for the people to live free, but not free enough for democracy to not work because no1 sees eye to eye on anything. perfect system tbh.

  • fludblud

    Next up, how Hong Kong fucked itself by pretending it didnt have a housing problem.

  • D. Navarathne

    Singaporeans have lost the human quality. They have become robots.
    Do not take any example or follow Singaporeans.
    Physically clean, but emotionally dirtiest.
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/nov/21/singapore-least-emotional-country-poll
    Media has changed the opinion, but not the humans.
    The treatment of the airline also according to colorism.

  • Nimal De Silva

    The homes are 99year lease hold… all owned by the pap gov, I'm Singaporean… if you thought american propaganda was bad, you should check out sg. All land in Sg is owned by the gov. You can't just sell it or rent it, all has to be pap gov approved. racial quota's make it hard to sell as you wish. A "flat" apartment that might cost $20-40K to build and yet is sold to Singaporeans at $400-500K. Yet the gov keeps declaring that it looses money, the math doesn't add up.

  • James Wilson

    Ownership with a few catches, the government owns the land, the owner has the rights to stay in a building; A lease for 99 years. I guess there is no inheritance. … Hmm … A nice place to visit, but no real estate investment possibilities, as taxes pays for housing. And don't forget "don't smoke, chew gum, buy soda, a car, etc." the social police are watching you there. This the future, huh? Is this Capitalistic or organized socialism? Unique model! Let's hope.

  • Zdeněk Hostaša

    Two ads just after long promo? Yeah, nah, bye.

  • missymouseuk1

    It makes me want to visit Singapore :).

    Awesome video (I definitely learned something).

  • ssi1991

    Holy shit that’s one massive bullshit pitch…
    Most stolen password information was due to massive data leaks and breaches, NOT due to single users being spied out.
    I wanna see how TotalAV wants to protect my passwords from companies fucking up their data protection obligations…

    Bullshit claim in pitch, highly untrustworthy. Wouldn’t touch that company now even with hazmat gear…

  • Eduardo Bicelis García

    I applaud you to still use that really nice shirt. It is a statement!

  • Eduardo Bicelis García

    If you buy a flat it can't last much more than 50 years without crumbling, so this system kind of make sense.

  • OBK

    Seriously what do they do with all the car tax money they have some of the most ridiculous car taxes in the world

  • ahmed ibrahim

    All cities around the world became a city state. Even US must give up free market real estate

  • Douglas Harris

    Simon seems bitter that Singapore gives preference to heterosexual couples over same-sex couples on matters of housing.

    But then, Singapore and other asian countries do not buy into the Western Leftist Intersectionality nuttiness.

  • Edison Vasquez

    *cries in Swedish * It’s so hard to get an apartment in Stockholm 😩

  • Calvin

    The housing model in Singapore is outstanding and should understand some of context in Singapore. This model can be adjusted accordingly to different context.
    For example,
    In Asia traditional values, one is considered “adult” only after married, and children are expected or preferred by parents to stay with them until they are married. Things are changing, and now HDB allows for singles above 35 years old to HDB

    Also there is deficit by HDB because there is huge subsidy for housing to help those young families and generally for citizens who earns below the income ceilings. Citizens can buy 2x subsidized housing where most can expect to double their money. This reduces burden, re-distribute wealth, addresses retirement (reverse mortgage schemes). There are various subsidies and rebates depending on situation, including encouraging child to stay near their parents.

  • Puiz

    For singles, there is still an option to buy public housing. Just have to wait till one is 35 years old. Though your only option is a 1 or 2 room flat… Places like San Francisco, New York or London can possibly replicate with tweaks to the model Singapore has.

  • Zack Irahza

    Owning a house here is great and all but first the Gov sents you this letter..

    "You are required under the Enlistment Act to report for enlistment"

  • Gonçalo Nobre

    Good video
    Do one about Portugal rising economic situation with tourism and the growing quality of life

  • YLTFN

    excellent model other cities should consider following this. American private sector model is clearly dead. we need to go into new models of housing ownership in this age of globalization. Were unlike in the past we might not work in one country working for the same company for life. We will have to more from country to country depending on the job we get. In such case a model of owning house outright is not viable.

  • jojoinhere

    居者有其屋
    这是最好的办法了

  • Raikonen42

    Hey great video, but I found the intermittent music breaks between sentences disruptive

  • Colin Yuan

    Singapore: the Kingdom of House Lee

  • Orion Lord

    Damn motherfuckers here in Manchester, UK charge us fortune for shitty apartment places. We need to copy singaporean model and tweak a bit to serve the citizens here.

  • temp0rand

    It's a ghetto when the inhabitants aren't white, but an enclave when they are. Just saying.

  • Dtarchon

    Do some proper research and find better sponsors. Simple and VERY important questions. Population of Singapore vs land area. State it. What is HDB and the history behind it? Was it successful and why? What was the strategy and policies of the government to free up & redevelop land, besides building upwards and underground and the 99 year lease which u mentioned. Man u barely scratched the surface of this topic. What a joke youtuber/channel

  • Anthony de Rosa

    Sounds like a pretty good policy. Dont understand his assertion that it probably shouldnt be replicated elsewhere. Seems like it would solve a lot of problems wherever housing bubbles are a major issue

  • azharhassan_

    fun facts : once upon a time Singapore is part of Malaysia.That's why they both almost identical in every aspects especially foods.

    p/s : I'm Johorean. 😉

  • Eric Ruijten

    A nice scheme as long as Singapore can stay as a financial hub. But it is a pure socialist system, alike China pursues.

  • Sophie G

    really annoying to have pointless montage x100 interrupting the narrative

  • TheGolfdaily

    The policy sounds fair enough to me..

  • TheKissentertainment

    I subscribed finally …big ups Simon

  • axianskin

    Another typical video made by millennial without ever visiting the city. The subject is about public housing in Singapore but there isn’t a single footage to show government flat.

  • Eleongo

    It's annoying when people merge ethnicity and nationality as one when they clearly are not the same, especially when discussing multi ethnic countries. Just because certain ethnic dominates a country in terms of population doesn't mean that ethnic represent the country as a whole when there are other sizable ethnics (No I'm not talking about single-digit percentage of population).

  • Cahaya Mati

    All house problem in china and singapore solves by following program My Second Home in Malaysia.. good job gov..

  • HalcyonTide

    To anyone who's wondering, you can buy a flat if you're single, but you'll have to wait until you're 35. Also there will be restrictions on the size/type of flat you can own then.

  • VibeX MaTxeMa

    10% of singapourians live in food poverty,,…

  • Ashish

    Good model but to tell the truth this would be successful only for a city state with high income
    Or just look at china for example the land is not owned by the people but by the state. So many people have been thrown out of their houses their farms because of different development projects and people can't do anything i mean good luck protesting against the CCP they will throw you in jail and harvest your organs! Personally i would like to own the land where I live if possible but that's just me! The Singapore model is working great for average Singaporeans and that's good!

  • PH T

    Googled Total AV .. came out total scam

  • Michal Blaszczak

    it works also because it's given only to citizens and not everyone coming tomorrow like it happens with swedenistan

  • HAHAHA HAHAHA

    CHINA WELCOME TO ALL OUR CHINESE BROTHER

  • R

    Does Singapore let foreigners buy up their housing as an investment, creating a renting underclass among it's own population?

  • shuaige15

    How confident must you be to produce a video on Singapore when you don't know shit about Singapore

  • Roy Duncan Ackhurst

    I think the Singapore model is a step in the right direction. I live is london and it's insane. The London property is insane. Most people in London spend around 50 to 75% of their pay on housing. This is terrible for the economy because this leaves little in the way of spending power. In an ideal world people should spend no more than 1/4 of income on housing. Creating a healthier economy with spending power.

  • Jared Higgs

    Why is America doing this or we're all of Europe

  • Dr Bombay

    1.talks abt HDB flats,
    keeps showing singapore flyer

    2. Doesnt do the math over an average earning Singaporean to afford a house

  • Patrick McGoldrick

    I'm an Irishman with family in Singapore. I travel there quite regularly and I've also lived in Penang, Malaysia. Singapore is an astonishing place, clean, safe and stable. What it has achieved in 50 years is amazing. It has economies of scale that other countries don't have but it has something to teach all of us. I love going there.

  • Clement Poh

    Lol don't like East Asian morality? Western cultural imperialism 😝😂

  • Gabriel Yu

    At 7.50, you mention Malaysian owners. Pls be corrected that Malaysian are citizens of Malaysia. Malay is a race and this is often confused with Malaysia or malaysian(a nationality). Singapore as multiracial comprises citizens who are of various racial descent namely Malay , Chinese, Indian , Eurasian and others.

  • Nasiruddin Ayup

    Yet, Singaporean is buying "cheap" houses in Malaysia. Fking cheap Singaporeans

  • Phillip Otey

    Is it because housing everywhere is a monopoly? Or is it just the rise in construction price (because the scarcity of building materials)?

  • ZergforLoser

    Total adult video? Holy shit.

  • E C

    It will flood. with rising sea levels. Hence singapore builds new city in china. But telling singaporeans which then tell their children we are building homes for you guys… young descendants…all while they prepare to run away in a land where sea water levels couldnt reach them.Absolutely brilliant.

  • Apple Zhang

    Proud to be Singaporean

  • Dharmawan Haidar Ali

    More singaporean in Batam Indonesia build their houses

  • BDKMEKANIKAL

    Sounds good and all but this is gerry megering at it's best, divide and conquer. Suppression of minority

  • hyou zan ren

    Americans:"House is right for Everyone?…. I don't know guys! This is just too Commie!"

  • scmroman

    Simon how do you handle the workload of 7 Youtube channels?????

  • Rojas-messilia

    You have to say this guy is an incredible clown to think the same sort of system would be in place in the case of a free market. How can you be this dumb and have a Youtube platform Simon?

  • Tom Kelly

    Can’t be exported? Sounds a lot like UR housing in Japan. Some are to rent, others to “buy”.

  • David

    It makes complete sense to me from an economic perspective. But I worry about political-social engineering.

  • robert moore

    That the price charged doesn't meet cost of production. It basically means that Singapore provides its heterosexual married citizens with a housing subsidy. And given the cost of living there, they will need it.

  • Arbab Shahzaib

    the ad ends at 58 sec. enjoy the video❤️

  • adtc

    Isn't the whole antivirus bubble gone bust already?

  • Deep State

    Isn't Singapore located in China?

  • Conrad Genio

    0:24 does Google and all big company count as?

  • Jason

    2b deficit is incredibly misleading, does not include all factors related to time lag of build/sale of property and land, sometimes between agencies (common left pocket transfer to right pocket practice) also, houses made from same mostly the same designs and materials, and less effort compared to 20 years back, became significantly smaller but more expensive. >90% of population staying in HDB means they are paying a 20+ year debt to the country – 20 years of interest can double the amount paid (to another govt agency). all in all – very much agree that SG govt is very successful in managing the country like a business. despite complaints, its generally an amazing feat and generally beneficial to population nonetheless.

  • Gonz0131

    imagine if other economies encouraged residential real estate for housing people, rather than vehicles for wealth creation. So much more investment into productive assets and business ventures, just as in Singapore.

  • B

    HOW MANY CHANNELS DO YOU HAVE

  • Tuyou2006

    Do check out this article https://www.cbre.com/singapore/about/media-centre/singapore-remains-the-2nd-most-expensive-housing-market-in-the-world-after-hong-kong
    The young middle class of the 2020's will be hard squeezed.

  • jgumm

    can you do a video about the housing market in sthlm pls

  • NutNbutSpeed

    Can you do a video on why are cars in Singapore so expensive? I just went to the motor show recently and was blown away they were selling Kia's for $124,000. It was crazy!

  • Zev ToxicZulu

    It malays not malaysians. Malay is an race malaysian is a citizen of Malaysia

  • David Garcia

    you can have government housing as long as there are no mondays!!!!

  • ken61175

    Point of note. Malaysians are the nationals of Malaysia. Malays refer to the ethnic group. Also, there have been attempts to replicate the Singapore model of housing management in part with some limited success.

  • Sopek cs

    We are not

  • Padec

    Its okay, they'll get more housing and living space if they're part of Malaysia again.

  • steevan wong

    content starts at 1:05 , skip the sponsor introduction

  • NekoMancer

    7:47
    Imagine identifying as a Singaporean citizen all your life to be told that you are Malaysian by a guy on Youtube.

  • shaken21

    Ok correction on one of your statements on Singapore's government "punishing certain ways of life", they implement such policies not to punish people but because Singapore is facing a depleting population crisis, so they are promoting as many heterosexual marriages, so as to encourage people to start a family, thus the process of getting ownership of a property is easier.

  • Powerboy 24

    But many homeless people in Singapore.

  • 79chgoh

    2 points that are wrong
    1. Singles are allowed to buy public housing in Singapore, they have to be 35 years old (same sex couple could buy public housings as single)
    2. The deficit of HDB are funded by a convoluted scheme, but the TLDR is that HDB is not running a deficit and all the profits put into Singapore reserves for investment which only the investment profit could be used for public good

  • Kaiser Basileus

    Where's the video about Vienna?

  • blacksheep shepherd

    Hahaha… this guy is what we called TCSS

  • Elliotttheneko UwU

    Laughs in Tengah

  • Jumin Rhee

    Streets says one way…camera proceeds the other way. 🙃

  • Jumin Rhee

    Actual public housing in singapore:

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Housing_and_Development_Board_flats%2C_Bukit_Batok_West_Avenue_5%2C_Singapore_-_20050528.jpg

    https://i.ytimg.com/vi/a2_n3FcHhiw/maxresdefault.jpg

    Not bad, but not the curtain glass buildings being shown. Why not them?

  • Audrey Choong

    The Singapore housing policy is good, especially when you look at Hong Kong. At least Singaporeans can have the opportunity to own a home/ housing once they started working and having a CPF.

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