How to Achieve Your Most Ambitious Goals | Stephen Duneier | TEDxTucson

How to Achieve Your Most Ambitious Goals | Stephen Duneier | TEDxTucson

Translator: Oriel Yu
Reviewer: Queenie Lee By a show of hands. How many of you believe you
could replicate this image of Brad Pitt with just a pencil and piece of paper? Well, I’m going to show you
how to do this. And in so doing, I’m going to give you the skill necessary to become a world-class artist. And it shouldn’t take
more than about 15 seconds. But before I do that, how many of you believe
you could replicate this image of a solid gray square? (Laughter) Every one of us. And if you can make one gray square, you can make two, three, nine … Truth of the matter is, if you could made just one gray square, it’d be very difficult to argue that you couldn’t make
every gray square necessary to replicate the image in its entirety. And there you have it. I’ve just given you the skills necessary
to become a world-class artist. (Laughter) I know what you’re thinking. “That’s not real art, certainly wouldn’t make me
a world-class artist.” So let me introduce you to Chuck Close. He’s one of the highest-earning artists
in the entire world, for decades, he creates his art
using this exact technique. You see, what stands between us and achieving even
our most ambitious dreams has far less to do with possessing
some magical skill or talent, and far more to do with
how we approach problems and make decisions to solve them. And because of the continuous
and compounding nature of all those millions of decisions that we face on a regular basis, even a marginal improvement in our process can have a huge impact on our end results. And I’ll prove this to you by taking a look at
the career of Novak Djokovic. Back in 2004, when he first became
a professional tennis player, he was ranked 680th in the world. It wasn’t until the end of his third year that he jumped up
to be ranked third in the world. He went from making 250,000 a year
to 5 million a year, in prize money alone, and of course, he did this
by winning more matches. In 2011, he became the number one
ranked men’s tennis player in the world, started earning an average
of 14 million a year in prize money alone and winning a dominating
90% of his matches. Now, here’s what’s really interesting about all of these very
impressive statistics. Novak doesn’t control any of them. What he does control
are all the tiny little decisions that he needs to make
correctly along the way in order to move the probability in favor of him achieving
these types of results. And we can quantify and track
his progress in this area by taking a look at the percentage
of points that he wins. Because in tennis the typical point involves
one to maybe three decisions, I like to refer to this
as his decision success rate. So, back when he was winning
about 49% of the matches he was playing, he was winning about 49%
of the points he played. Then to jump up,
become number three in the world, and actually earn
five million dollars a year for swinging a racquet, he had to improve
his decision success rate to just 52 percent. Then to become not just number one but maybe one of the greatest players
to ever play the game, he had to improve
his decision success rate to just 55 percent. And I keep using this word “just.” I don’t want to imply this is easy to do, clearly, it’s not. But the type of marginal improvements
that I’m talking about are easily achievable
by every single one of us in this room. And I’ll show you what I mean. From kindergarten, all the way
through to my high school graduation – yes, that’s high school
graduation for me – (Laughter) every one of my report cards
basically said the same thing: Steven is a very bright young boy, if only he would just
settle down and focus. What they didn’t realize was I wanted that even more than they wanted it for me, I just couldn’t. And so, from kindergarten
straight through the 2nd year of college, I was a really consistent C, C- student. But then going into my junior year, I’d had enough. I thought I want to make a change. I’m going to make a marginal adjustment, and I’m going to stop being a spectator
of my decision-making and start becoming an active participant. And so, that year, instead of pretending, again, that I would suddenly be able
to settle down and focus on things for more than five
or ten minutes at a time, I decided to assume I wouldn’t. And so, if I wanted to achieve
the type of outcome that I desire – doing well in school – I was going to actually
have to change my approach. And so I made a marginal adjustment. If I would get an assignment,
let’s say, read five chapters in a book, I wouldn’t think of it as five chapters, I wouldn’t even think of it
as one chapter. I would break it down into these tasks
that I could achieve, that would require me to focus
for just five or ten minutes at a time. So, maybe three or four paragraphs. That’s it. I would do that and when I was done
with those five or ten minutes, I would get up. I’d go shoot some hoops,
do a little drawing, maybe play video games for a few minutes, and then I come back. Not necessarily to the same assignment, not even necessarily to the same subject, but just to another task that required
just five to ten minutes of my attention. From that point forward, all the way through to graduation, I was a straight-A student, Dean’s List, President’s Honor Roll, every semester. I then went on to one of the top
graduate programs in the world for finance and economics. Same approach, same results. So then, I graduate. I start my career and I’m thinking, this worked really well for me. You know, you take these big concepts, these complex ideas,
these big assignments, you break them down
too much more manageable tasks, and then along the way, you make a marginal
improvement to the process that ups the odds
of success in your favor. I’m going to try and do this in my career. So I did. I started out as an exotic
derivatives trader for credit Swiss. It then led me to be global head
of currency option trading for Bank of America, global head of emerging markets
for AIG international. It helped me deliver top-tier returns as a global macro hedge fund
manager for 12 years and to become founder and CIO
of two award-winning hedge funds. So it gets to 2001, and I’m thinking, this whole idea, it worked really well in school, it’s been serving me well
as a professional, why aren’t I applying this
in my personal life, like to all those big ambitious goals
I have for myself? So one day, I’m walking to work, and at the time my commute was a walk from one end
of Hyde Park to the other, in London. It took me about 45 minutes each way, an hour and a half a day,
seven and a half hours a week, 30 hours a month, 360 hours a year, when I was awake, aware,
basically wasting time, listening to music on my iPod. So on my way home from work that day
I stopped at the store. I picked up the first 33 CDs
in the Pimsleur German language program, ripped them and put them onto my iPod. But I didn’t stop there. Because the truth of the matter is,
I’m an undisciplined person. And I knew that at some point, I’d switch away from the language
and go back to the music. So I removed that temptation
by removing all of the music. That left me with just one option: listen to the language tapes. So ten months later,
I’d listened to all 99 CDs in the German language program, listened to each one three times each. And I went to Berlin for a 16-day
intensive German course. When I was done, I invited my wife
and kids to meet me. We walked around the city. I spoke German to the Germans,
they spoke German back to me. My kids were amazed. (Laughter) I mean they couldn’t close their jaws. But you and I, we know, there is actually nothing amazing
about what I’ve just done. I made this marginal adjustment
to my daily routine. This marginal adjustment to my process. (German) Und jetzt, ich spreche
ein bisschen Deutsch. And now I could speak some German. And so in that moment, I’m thinking, it’s not supposed to be this easy
for a guy like me – an old guy – to learn a new language. You’re supposed to do that
when you’re a kid. And yet here I had done it. This marginal adjustment. So what other big ambitious goals
I’ve been holding onto, putting off until retirement, that I could potentially achieve if I just made a marginal
adjustment to my routine? So I started doing them. I earned my auto racing license. I learned how to fly a helicopter, did rock-climbing, skydiving. I learned how to fly planes aerobatically. Well, if you’re like me, back in 2007, you might have the same goal I had. I was just moving back from London. I was about 25 pounds overweight
and out of shape, and I wanted to rectify that. So I could go to the typical route, you know, I could write a check
to a gym I’d never go to. Or I could swear to myself
that I will never again eat those foods that I love but are doing all the damage. And I knew that going that route
rarely results in the outcome you desire. So I decided to become
an active participant. I thought about the habits and passions
that I’ve developed in my life, and I thought, can I make just
a marginal adjustment to them so that they work in my favor
as opposed to against me? And so I did. I’ve got a habit where I’ve been walking an hour
and a half a day for the last seven years, and I’ve got this passion
for being in the outdoors. And so that year, I didn’t actually set the new year’s
resolution to lose 25 pounds. I set a resolution to hike all 33 trails in the front country
of Santa Barbara Mountains. And I’d never been on a hike
before in my life. (Laughter) But the truth of the matter is,
it’s not about the 33 trails. You have to break this big ambitious goal down into these more
manageable decisions – the types of decisions that need
to be made correctly along the way in order to improve the odds of achieving
the type of outcome you desire. It’s not about even one trail. It’s about those tiny little decisions, you know, like when you
are sitting at your desk, putting in just a little extra time
at the end of a day. Or you’re lying on your couch, clicking through the channels
on your remote control, or scrolling through your Facebook feed, and in that moment,
make the decision to put it down. You go put on your hiking clothes, you go walk outside your front door,
and you shut it behind you. You walk to your car, get in,
drive to the trailhead. You get out of the car at the trailhead, and you take one step,
you take two steps, three steps. Every one of those steps
that I have just described is a tiny little decision that needs
to be made correctly along the way in order to achieve the ultimate outcome. Now, when I say I want to hike
33 trails in the front country, people think about the decisions
at the top of the mountain. That’s not what it’s about. Because if you don’t make
the right decision when you’re on the couch, there is no decision that occurs
at the top of the mountain. So by the end of the year, I’d hiked all 33 trails
in the front country; I did them a couple of times each. I even did a few in the backcountry. I lost the 25 pounds,
and I capped the year off by doing the hardest
half marathon in the world – the Pier to Peak. In 2009, I got really ambitious, ambitious for a guy who still,
to this day, cannot settle down and focus on anything for more
than ten or ten minutes at a time, and that was to read 50 books. But again, it’s not
about reading 50 books. It’s not even about reading one book. It’s not about reading a chapter,
a paragraph, a sentence. It’s about that decision when you’re sitting at your desk
at the end of the day, or when you’re lying on the couch, or flicking through your Facebook feed, and you put down the phone. You pick up a book and you read one word. If you read one word,
you’ll read two words, three words; you’ll read a sentence, a paragraph,
a page, a chapter, a book; you’ll read ten books, 30 books, 50 books. In 2012, I got really ambitious. I set 24 new year’s resolutions. 12 of them were
what I call giving resolutions, where I did 12 charitable things
that didn’t involve writing a check. But it’s not without its failures. I tried to donate blood, and they rejected me
because I’d lived in the UK. I tried to donate my sperm;
they rejected me because I was too old. I tried to donate my hair, and it turns out nobody wants grey hair. (Laughter) So, here I was trying to do something
to make myself feel good, and it was having the opposite effect. So anyway, I’ve also had
these 12 learning resolutions, to learn 12 new skills. And when I was done with unicycling,
parkour, slacklining, jumping stilts and drumming, my wife suggested
that I learned how to knit. (Laughter) And I’ll be honest, I wasn’t all
that passionate about knitting. But one day, I’m sitting
under this 40-foot tall eucalyptus tree that’s 2.6 miles up the cold
spring trail in Santa Barbara, and I’m thinking, that tree would look
really cool if it were covered in yarn. (Laughter) And so I went home and Googled this, and it turns out it is a thing people do,
it’s called yarnbombing: you wrap these public
structures with yarn. And, the second annual
international yarn bombing day was just 82 days away. (Laughter) So for the next 82 days,
no matter where I was – (Laughter) if I was in a board meeting,
on the trading floor, in an airplane or in the hospital, I was knitting. One stitch at a time. And 82 days later, I had done my first ever yarnbomb. (Applause) And the response to it blew me away. So I kept going … (Laughter) with bigger, more ambitious projects that required more engineering skills. And in 2014, I set the goal
to wrap six massive boulders in Los Padres National Forest
at the top of the mountains. But if I was going to pull this off,
I’d need help. So at this point, I had a few
thousand followers on social media as “The Yarnbomber.” (Laughter) And I started getting packages –
lots of packages – 388 contributors
from 36 countries in all 50 states. In the end, I didn’t wrap
one massive boulder, I wrapped 18. (Applause) So I kept going with bigger, more ambitious projects that would require me
to work with new materials, like fiberglass, and wood, and metals, which culminates in a project
that is currently at TMC, here in Tucson, where I wrapped the Children’s Hospital. (Applause) Along the way, I stopped knitting. I never really liked it. (Laughter) But … I like crocheting. (Laughter) So, I started making these
seven-inch granny squares – because that’s
the standard granny square – and I thought along the way:
why am I stopping at seven inches? I need big stuff. So, I started making
bigger granny squares. So one day, I come home
from a business trip, and I’ve got this really large granny, and I went to the website of Guinness. I was curious what’s the world’s
largest granny square. And it turns out
there’s no category for it. (Laughter) So I applied, and they rejected me. So I appealed, and they rejected me. I appealed again, and they said fine, if you make it ten meters by ten meters,
we’ll create a new category, and you will be a Guinness
world record holder. So, for the next two years, seven months, 17 days, one stitch at a time, I finally reached more
than half a million stitches, incorporated more than 30 miles of yarn, and I am now the official
Guinness world record holder for the largest crocheted granny square. (Applause) (Cheering) Along the way, I’ve garnered an awful lot
of attention for my escapades. I’ve been featured in Newsweek magazine, Eric news, which is
kind of the Bible for artists. But what I want you to realize
when you hear these things: I’m still that C- student. I’m still that kid who can’t settle down or focus for more than five
or ten minutes at a time. And I remain a guy who possesses
no special gift of talent or skill. All I do is take really big,
ambitious projects that people seem to marvel at, break them down to their simplest form and then just make
marginal improvements along the way to improve my odds of achieving them. And so the whole reason
I’m giving this talk is I’m hoping to inspire several of you to pull some of those ambitious dreams
that you have for yourself off the bookshelf and start pursuing them by making
that marginal adjustment to your routine. Thank you. (Applause)



  • Alan Tan

    That is if you have lots of time

  • Amadeus Frazier


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم

    ساكن جوه بدرالكسم

  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم

    حاكم آل بروسيسر

  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم

    انت الحاوي النقراوي صح؟

  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • Mln MZ87

    Thank you 💜

  • هجرة عصافير الخريف موسم


  • jo pearl

    wow this guy is amazing

  • Sandroid

    'You have to break this big ambition goal down into these more manageable decisions. Types of decisions that need to be made correctly along the way, in order to improve the odds of achieving the type of outcome you desire.'
    Sounds very Tony Robbins.

  • consciousmistakes

    Man believe me this works. Just like baby steps…

  • AbnormalBat

    So basically he's an unporn version of Johny Sins!

  • Hturt Yada

    This is f amazing!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Jenn Li

    Wow This is the most inspiring TED talks for me! Thanks!

  • Simply Saying

    If only one has ears that can LISTEN and Eyes that can see the KNOWLEDGE that has been given – Then one would realize the WISDOM in the message. Thank you😊

  • Zara Pine

    Ground Hog Day!

  • Andjela Dimitrijevic


  • Matthew Stachler

    Good message but, it still boggles me how much money hedge fund guys .make

  • Exclusivesounds Beatsinstrumentals


  • Maria Sparrow

    He’s like Forest Gump!

  • Daniel Caputo

    Take the first step…awesome!

  • Always Kim

    Half of this video is him showing off all of his achievements

  • Dyaek

    This is Inspiring

  • Anshul Lall

    This is the best Ted talk I have heard….so motivating

  • Manu Mohan


  • Dan Morin

    What a great inspiration video. I watched it twice in a row. Thank you Stephen Duneier for sharing with us.

  • Awaecnan

    you explained How to Achieve Your Most Ambitious Goals really well, great points! thanks for sharing

  • Sandeep Yadav

    Thank you, you work and approach is inspiring.

  • Rohit Kajla

    Marginal adjustment

  • Tahir Ahmad

    nice way to achieve the goals …lovely thanks

  • Joel Quin

    This is one of best TEDx videos that I have ever seen!

  • mai hernandez

    one step at a time.. thank you for your video.. 😊

  • Patrick D. Lueke

    Now we can quanitfy and track his progress or we can just listen to abraham hicks

  • Gergő Nagy

    Stephen Duneier you have just changed my life man! I am super thankful for you.

  • Kyle Le

    Very inspiring and helpful. There’s a quote that goes like, “Most people fail because they never get started.”

  • Arnold Chong

    Weird Flex, but Ok

  • Melissa Ball

    He is very successful. That's true. And that's amazing. I just kept wondering how he had any free time for family, kids, or anything else but himself.

  • Blue World


  • Blue Titan Dragon

    Okay, I want to learn to animate, become an animator and hopefully build an animation film studio in the future. How do I break that into smaller, more manageable tasks?

  • Luca Siciliano

    sounds like self auditing

  • Presise

    wow!!! I teared up for some reason watching this.

  • Yun Cheng

    Tywin Lannister with suits and glasses

  • Kasara Hassan

    There were lots of counselors and therapists in my life thus far and really i just needed someone to say this to me. Not you're smart, you have potential or anything besides start small and go as far as your imagination will take you

  • Yark Deafs

    This— I don't want to be dramatic, but— might be a turning point in my life.
    Imma write this lesson on my wall, so I don't forget.

  • Joshua Balata

    What a talk! I was so engrossed, I didn't notice the time pass. Such an inspiration! Thanks

  • Blair Zhang

    OMG so inspiring

  • arno nuem

    I am litteraly crying after having listened to this talk. Thank you so much !

  • Marcus Dickerson


  • John Cabrera

    Getting things done, one step at a time. Thank you!

  • Hich Hichem

    One of the most inspiring Ted talks I have ever seen, at least for me)

  • chiggedycheckyoself

    I was pretty impressed until he started talking German.

  • Juice Ortiz

    I want grey hair…😊

  • Ramaakkant v das

    So inspiring thank you. Nothing can stop me form being a top quant trader. 🍺😊

  • Ayesha Najam

    Wow I love this. I'm really inspired by this. Everything is possible now.

  • RunSofrieRun

    Those 50 books he read in a year. Did he force himself to read it? Did he like the books? I mean to read boring books. I'd sleep before finishing it.

  • Laura järvinen

    To all of you thinking: this man is such an inspiration! I really need him in my feed to keep reminding and inspiering me to get better and move forvards. I found his facebook and he has had a severe stroke aruond the same month, same year this video was upploaded 😭😭💔

  • Xiaowei Pei

    I am really astonished and touched. How the life this guy has, all because of a marginal step each day. It’s a really interesting person

  • Mohmd Izhar

    Run Stephen Run !!

  • Mohmd Izhar

    Real Version Story of Forrest Gump !!

  • Melony B

    He got me at the crochet part 😭 I know this video was meant for me to see because I’ve been doing a lot of crocheting lately and have been making plans to do other stuff with it. This video just gave me my direct and my boost to keep going and improving with the crocheting and so many other areas of my world. This day is going to be so amazing 😁

  • Abdul Reflectt

    That's awesome and it works!!! You basically break down your big goal into the smallest possible choices you need to make along the way in order to increase your probability of succeeding as much as possible.

  • Joyce Mawak

    I love this story! What an amazing accomplishment! I'm inspired to see where my creativity will take me as I focus on focusing. Thank you so much for sharing!

  • PrestonNotBurke

    This is the best thing I have ever come across omg! I am that kid, 20+ years old and I didnt even know that I had a problem. This has literally changed my life!

  • Nyandeng Mayar

    Such a simple concept, yet life changing. Am beyond impressed. Thanks for sharing!

  • AK Cap

    very impressive, thanks for sharing…….

  • Ladies Love Gentlemen


  • LaTonya Shonique

    Awesome talk ! Thank you

  • Alexey Suvorov

    Please give me permission to translate this video on russian language

  • goutham sivashanmugam

    The Law of Marginal Adjustment

  • Raj 3

    Stiling towards to it …get in jeans …

  • Wynn Horton

    How is defacing natural beauty – even temporarily- consider art? Dude's hobbies are useless.

  • Dutch Ultra

    Freemason pos


    Executive summary: Don't procrastinate hard tasks. Break down hard tasks into many small manageable ones. Start working on the first small task on the previously made list immediately.

  • ashchilly

    I've heard this before and now I'm hearing this again. But, this time this is a revelation for me and this might be it for me, after countless motivational videos. I'm ready for this! Bring it on world!

  • Amol Jagtap

    Very well said, "marginal adjustment" 👌🏻👏🏻

  • Böckin

    Yeah sorry, but his German was awful, even though it was just a very basic sentence. Not very impressive for 90 CDs and an intensive course.

  • Tinicia Young

    Excellent! Life changing.

  • Olufemi Olatunji


  • Nilton Kenneph

    I've decided to change my life at all and i got it. It's been 5 – 6 months since i started to learn english at home, by myself. I only knew some topics based in school as grammar rules. I was so tired of just study grammar and didn't speak nothing Then i did take the decision of get it, my english speaking fluency So almost 6 months later i'm here talking my story for you guys. I really hope that you got appreciated it. I'm here now Not 100% Not fluency at all but now, i can express my ideas in another language.

  • RepO MaN

    To the huge goals by small steps

  • Self Development

    For all those wondering why he's showing off his German, you can't learn a new language after 30 According to some experiments.

  • Сергей Волков

    Lol that was actually strong

  • Sahil Vasava

    That's basically Game Design Theory 101. You start at Level 1 and before you know it after spending several hours depending on the game, you have mastered it and reached the top levels.

  • Kunal Gulati

    The best TED TALK I've heard

  • Sam Crane

    This is talk is brilliant!!!

  • JustVid

    Damn. This is gold.

  • rm6k mnt9y

    No sir, thank you! 🙏

  • Puii Royte

    Just what i needed

  • koumospecial

    One of the best talks!!! Simple and effective! Good job Stephen!!!! 
    I’m gonna tell that stuff to my 3 year old daughter when she grows up a little bit more!!! Thank you for showing the way!!!

  • Shubham Mishra

    Funny thought whats the most liked comment on youtube.. And what would it take me to break that record.. Yeah I know marginal improvements!

  • Technical Science

    The best video i had ever seen….

  • ArmaanNishadOfficial

    It's like counting.
    1,2,3,4…100000! 😀

  • Maxime

    best Tedx ever

  • Sapienape

    Ok James Bond

  • Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *