R1. How to Use Google Scholar

R1. How to Use Google Scholar


Hi, I just wanted to talk to you a little
bit about how to find scientific journal articles using Google Scholar. So the first thing you’re going to want to
do is go to scholar.google.com, or you could just go to regular Google and type in scholar. It’ll be the first link you see over there,
so let’s go ahead and click on that. Alright, so this is the website, you can see
it says Google Scholar, there’s the address I mentioned up there, and you want to make
sure you have “articles” selected. Now all you need to do is type in some key-terms. Whatever it is you might be interested in. I’m gonna type in “perceptual illusion”, that’s
the kind of stuff that I like to read about. So let’s see what we get. So, on the left here you’ll see a bunch of
different web-links. These are for different sources. Some of these are gonna be scientific journal
articles and some of them not. And sometimes it’s a little bit hard to tell
the difference. But let’s just go ahead and click on this
one and see what we get. So this one looks like it was published in
“Science”. You can see all the publication details here,
like here’s the authors, volume number, issue number, and all that stuff. But we don’t actually seem to have access
to the article itself. Let’s try this… no. Yeah that’s how a lot of these Google Scholar
sources are gonna be. You might be able to find the article, and
even read the abstract, but you’re not going to find full-access unfortunately for a lot
of this stuff. So let’s go back and see if we can find a
full-text source. Alright, so this next one you notice it says
“html” here and then there’s also this thing over here. Let’s click on this one and see what we get. So there’s the abstract once again. But if we scroll down now you see we have
full-text access. So you could read the entire article if you’d
like. A lot of this stuff you’re probably not gonna
want to read at this point when you’re doing a literature review. You just want to try to find articles that
look interesting. You don’t really want to read them in-depth
just yet. So the easiest way to tell if an article is
interesting to you is, well, if the title sounds interesting, and if it does the next
thing is to look at the abstract and see if that’s interesting. So you just want to read over the abstract
and if it’s something you think is kinda neat then you could maybe include that in your
literature review. But, I would like to download this… is there
a way I can download a pdf? Yep. So I just clicked on the “download pdf” button
over here and it looks like I now have a printable version. I wouldn’t recommend you print these out though,
it’s a big waste of paper. You can just read it on your computer. Alright, so if I want to download this and
read it later you can just click on this “download” button. It’s gonna download as a pdf, and you just
save it wherever you want and you can read it later. Alright, so that looks pretty good, but let’s
take a look at a few more. Let’s try this one. Hmm… I don’t know what’s going on here, but this
does not look right. Let’s go back. Now you see over here it also says there’s
a pdf. Let’s click on that and see what happens. Ah, there you go. So that’s how it generally is with Google
Scholar. If you find those little pdfs on the right
side of the Google Scholar output then usually that means you can download the full-text
pdf file. So, if I were to read the abstract and if
I liked this one too I could just go ahead and save this one as well. So anytime you see a pdf like this right here
that usually means you’re gonna get full-text access. Let’s try it for this one. Yep. Just like I said, we have access to the full-text. So that’s good. Now, if none of these are particularly interesting
to you you could always try different key-terms. Let’s try “visual illusion” and see if we
something better. Yeah, so now it looks like we have a lot more
full-text access here. And let’s just say that this article is one
that I really like. Let’s pretend that this one is super-interesting
to me. I haven’t read it, but let’s just say that. So if I want to use this article in my literature
review I could download it as a pdf like I already showed you. But to find more articles that are similar
to this one- -that’s something I would need to do to finish
out my literature review, and to do that I will have to find similar kinds of articles
of course, and there’s a few ways you could do that. So the most obvious way is to go to this article
and see who they cite. So you see those numbers like the number 4,
and 3, and 5? Those are different sources that they have
cited in their paper. And you can figure out what the sources are
by going to the reference list. So, see? These are the people this paper has cited. And you can find the same sources. Like I could just copy the title of this article
and do a Google search for it, just like I have for the other articles I found. And then I could maybe read the abstract and
decide if it’s something I want to include just like before. So this is (cough), excuse me. This is the most obvious way to find related
sources, but it’s not the only way. There’s a few other ways I’d like to mention. And if you take a look there’s some buttons
down here. So first of all there’s “Related Articles”. Let’s click on that. So this shows you what Google Scholar believes
are articles that are similar in some way, and it looks like it’s pretty good. So ours was about visual illusions induced
by sound, and then-yeah- these all sound very similar. So maybe some of these are gonna be interesting
to me. Maybe I’ll be able to fill out my literature
review pretty quickly by doing this. But there is another way to find related articles,
and that’s what this button is for. So if you click on that it’ll show you all
the sources that used our first source when they wrote their papers. So every single one of these cited that source. So obviously they have something in common. So maybe if I look through a few of these
maybe I’ll find something even better, or at least something that I could include in
a literature review. So, Google Scholar is really great about not
only finding articles that you are probably interested in, but then it’s also really great
for being able to find similar articles. It makes doing a literature review super easy. But, one of the big problems that students
have with the literature review is when it comes to using APA style. And that’s another thing I like about Google
Scholar; it makes APA style super-easy… at least for your references list. So if you want to use a source for your paper,
you’re going to want to create a list where you put all the information for each source
you’ve included. So if I’m going to include this one I want
to put its information… so let me show you what I mean. In your references list you want to have something
similar to this. It’s not gonna look exactly like this, this
isn’t in proper APA style. But it’ll look very similar, so what we need
is the author names right here, we need the journal name “Cognitive Brain Research”, the
article title, the volume number, year of publication… So all the information is right here, and
you can just type it into your references list by hand, but that’s kind of annoying. It’s annoying to have to do that, and you
can make all kinds of mistakes. So what I was saying is, Google Scholar is
great because you don’t have to do pretty much any of that stuff, it’ll do it for you. Just go back to where you found that article
on Google Scholar and click on these little quotation marks you see over here. And this shows you how to cite the source
(how to build a reference page entry for that source), for all these different writing styles. So the one we want is APA. So you can just click on that, and copy, and
then paste into your references list, and that’s it. You don’t have to edit it at all. Sometimes Google Scholar makes some mistakes,
you know it’s just a program it’s gonna make mistakes sometimes, but in this case it looks
perfect. Everything is formatted properly, all the
information is there… You see author names, year of publication,
article title, journal name (and that’s in italics), volume number, and page numbers. Yeah, everything’s there. So it worked great this time. But like I said, sometimes it doesn’t. Like, let’s see if it does this one correctly. Yeah, it did that one correctly too. So most of the time it is going to work very
well, but you just need to remember those basic APA formatting rules which I cover in
a different tutorial video. Just to make sure there aren’t any little
mistakes that Google left in there. Alright, so that’s pretty much all there is
to Google Scholar, it’s very easy to use as I’ve already said a few times. There’s a lot of other options, like you can
restrict your range to just recent stuff. Like if you wanna just look for articles that
have been published since 2000 for example. But that not so important… umm, one other thing I should probably mention
is that sometimes you might find links to books. You see this one here, this is a book. You can use a book in your literature review,
but generally we want you to try to find scientific journal articles. So if you see these pdfs over here, you click
on them, and it shows you something that looks like this. Like, authors, article title, journal name… If it looks something like this then it’s
probably a legit peer-reviewed journal that you can use. Okay? So just try to find some things like this
to fill out your literature review and you’ll be in good shape. And that’s pretty much all there is to it.

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