Schizotypal personality disorder | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Schizotypal personality disorder | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– [Voiceover] Schizotypal
Personality Disorder, or sometimes shortened to S-T-P-D, is when someone has difficulty forming and keeping relationships with others, and they also have these beliefs
that might appear strange or peculiar, and might
even seem to resemble some features of Schizophrenia. These people will often have unusual ideas or theories about things, making them seem odd
or eccentric to others, and making it even harder to
make connections with others. But, a very important distinction to make from patients with
Schizophrenia and delusions, is that they’re willing to consider facts that might be contradictory
to these beliefs and challenge these unusual views. An example of an unusual
view might be something that’s unusually superstitious, or maybe they believe in some
sort of magical thinking, like a sixth sense, or telepathy. Socially, though, they’ll
often prefer to be alone and get really uncomfortable and anxious in social situations. And, these feelings don’t
really improve over time, or with age or familiarity. So, clearly, here, there seem to be some similarities with
Schizophrenia, right? Especially in thinking and beliefs. But, we have to be careful, because STPD is definitely very different
from Schizophrenia. So, let’s say that someone has this superstitious belief
with this rabbit’s foot, and that they have to have it with them whenever they take a test,
or else they won’t do well. If this person also had STPD, they might reconsider
whether they need it or not after taking the test and
doing really well without it. If this person had Schizophrenia, their belief in this is set,
regardless of what happens, and they won’t consider
changing their beliefs, even if they did really
well, or better than usual. So, with that said, these
thoughts and peculiar beliefs aren’t typically full-fledged
delusions with STPD. And, these patients don’t
have hallucinations, either. If they did, they’d likely be considered for a diagnosis of Schizophrenia, instead. And, in general, STPD does
not progress to Schizophrenia. Just like Schizophrenia, though, there aren’t any specific
tests that’ll tell us whether someone has STPD or not. And, it usually takes a trained
mental health professional, like a psychologist or psychiatrist, to make a proper diagnosis. And, when making a diagnosis,
they’ll look for symptoms, like being very uncomfortable
in social situations, and they’ll also look for
odd fantasies or beliefs and behavior that don’t really
fit with cultural norms. Another symptom that they might look for would be something like having
very little close friends other than your first degree relatives. And with that said, in almost all cases, it’s usually these relatives
that notice the disorder and encourage them to
see someone about it, rather than the person
instigating treatment, themselves. If they do instigate treatment, though, it’s likely because they’re seeking help for some other symptoms,
like depression or anxiety. And, the cause of STPD, like
many personality disorders, is still very much a mystery. But, one clue to scientists is that it seems to be more common
among first degree relatives of patients with STPD, which is also the case
for Schizophrenia, right? And, this adds to a list of similarities between the two disorders, and even suggests some
genetic similarities. But, how they overlap, and
really, how they both develop, is, overall, still very unclear. As to treatment of
STPD, there are no drugs that are specifically made and prescribed to patients with this disorder, although, they might be
prescribed medications if something like a psychotic
episode is experienced, or if they have some sort
of underlying mood disorder, like depression. Usually, instead of medication, the treatment of choice for
STPD is long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that
has experience with STPD. And, these can often target
things like improving their social skills and social behaviors and ways of thinking. Psychotherapy can definitely
be an effective tool that helps improve their quality of life and can seriously reduce symptoms of STPD.



  • Taha rj

    good job 🙂

  • tariqdx

    Informative, concise and good use of digital blackboard. Thank you for the video! * _*

  • dat_gye_joe_daddy

    We're are just smarter!! Who wants to be around a bunch of idiots..

  • Cheezecake 4443

    I love having this

  • winter tales

    Interesting I just be borderline as I don't have a lot of these

  • schizoafekt

    Schizotypal disoredr id not personality disorder but mental illnes. Like borderline, it has origin in brain damage, not personality.

  • lygophile

    ok look … i'm serious ok? my psychiatrist suggested i might have this. however … i don't trust them. they .. i don't trust them. i know they will probably say i don't trust them because i have StPD, but that's exactly what i'm afraid of, you see?

    just by calling me delusional they can get away with fucking anything, because if i call them out on it …

    i just … i suspect they wanted me to kill myself. i don't know if this is to get more funds or … my parents put them up to it, idk.

    i have to confide in them if i'm to work out my shit, but i can't trust them. plus why the fuck would i … i mean i see the comparison, but i was complaining about totally different things, dissociation, memory issues, and paranoia, fine, certainly that too. i thought StPD included hallucinations?

    i mean isn't this just some blanket bullcrap they can slap onto anyone, so they can disarm any opposition?

  • Social Misfit Diaries

    I relate to the traits but don't know if I was just an outcast but not necessary STPD. I do have severe social anxiety and I do have avoidant personality disorder and dependency I've come to learn about. I grew up as a Christian and that makes you "different" automatically. I was constantly ostrasized and excluded and made fun of and didn't think like others as they did with several things. I was severely outcastes and I don't really know why. Is that a trait? I couldn't make friends, relate to them..never was able to get along with people. A few times I did believe I had special powers at 11, 14 and 15. I have hallucinated under stress and do wear odd matching clothing because I don't have my own clothing so grab want I can get. I'm not fussed with matching. I was considered weird all through high school and I do believe people still think this. I do feel suspicious and I do have moments of paranoidness but most of these symptoms also occur with social anxiety anyway. I do ramble and

  • Social Misfit Diaries

    Anyone have a mix of disorders? I was diagnosed as having social anxiety and always related to that strongly. I've been diagnosed as having something beginning with d…dysthymia? In the past but don't agree with that they said I had it and agoraphobia (they perceived the social phobia as being this but I'm not afraid of the outside its people). I was diagnosed with other stuff but forgot it or wasn't told. I agree with being avoidant and dependent when I have looked it up and done tests. I relate to parts of paranoia but I think that comes with SA a little doesn't it? I have one or two histrionic and borderline traits as well. (Don't believe I have these disorders).

  • mikecourt13

    So because "most" people don't believe something, that makes the ones who do crazy? I was diagnosed with this but I think I am more analytical, perceptive, and open to the possibilities of the universe than most people, as well as main stream science

  • Martin Páleník

    That 'rabbit foot' example is extremely simplistic, in my opinion. My mother takes Chlorella supplements daily to 'cure' from cough (asthma related? autoimmune? who knows, she rejects doctor's opinion!) and despite obvious truth that it does not help her at all, she continues to use it until.. I don't really know what could really convince her stop (i.e. to admit it is useless), do you?

    Needless to say, she does not suffer from any major mental disease (she's seen neurologist and other doctors for stress related anxiety, with no further examination needed).

    These 'believes' are even more popular now. See Brexit. See alternative medicine. See religion. See alternative everything. And their supporters are really, really convinced, despite the obvious evidence. Now where is the line, that separates an F20/F21 patient from a "normal" (extremely problematic term) person?

    Moreover, you say that F21 person 'listens' or 'can listen' to 'facts' to reconsider their decision. Does it not make them, let's make it absurd, does it not make them 'superior' to general population, in a way? Provided that general population is often reluctant to reconsider their decision despite 'obvious' facts?

    Now, it may seem absurd, and it probably is, but there is an opinion that personality disorders might actually be an evolutionary advantage, making person more adaptable for the environment. I've heard that from my (CBT) psychologist and I trust her, since she teaches at a respected University and is kinda good at it, academically.

    I am really eager to listen to your (any's) counterarguments. Please consider I am not a professional psychologist (nor student), but nor am I a complete ignorant. I have been diagnosed with F21, but my psych*s doubt that decision now. One of them actually doubts DSM-V with convincing arguments, but that is a topic for another discussion.

  • C C

    i dont have "trouble" making relationships with people, im just too lazy to give a shit most of the time and would rather use the internet and learn philosophy and build my life into something amaze.

  • u m

    My social awkwardness as a kid was "oman everybody hates me, so I'll hate them back" then I'd get mad at everyone I looked at XD

  • Play Store

    "initiating", dumb-ass, not "instigating". There is a big difference. Learn how to speak fucking English.

  • Nolverdose

    this was a real eye opener for me

  • Elijah L

    Thank you! This video helped me understand and relate to my diagnosis more. All the other videos seem to be by other people with stpd and I feel like they're less accurate.

  • Miss Madnesswavelength

    I want to live in a swamp I believe in telepathy and I'm superstitious about gem stones and spiritual . I'm not sure if it's fully developed delusion. I also hear voices. and have bpd and bipolar… what might my problem be? I'm scared to talk to my psychiatrist about it in depth

  • wqzlfhegdvarxpisbumoctyj

    Only two things matter in this world: looks and intelligence. The better looking and/or more intelligent you are, the more accepted your deviant behavior will be by society and social circle (which are what matter the most in an individualist culture). Western psychology is of no value to anyone with anything more than a bout of anxiety or depression. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a scam, it's completely unproductive.

  • Noah Partic

    I have STPD and it's good.

  • NoirVelours

    I'm diagnosed with STPD and two others mental disorders and guess what? I have quality of life! I pay my taxes and I have a good job and enjoy quite a few hobbies. Yes I'm a solitary person and I did pick a job that requires minimal contact with others. All my social problems stopped when I realized I didn't need to be like others or think like them.

     I quit therapy, stopped medications and life slowly became happier and very manageable where therapy was aggravating my symptoms. I keep my weirdness to myself now because it freaks out others. I don't need their close minds anyway. I found my sweet spot in life and it doesn't required others to be happy, nor does it requires their approval.

    My way of perceiving existence may be strange and scary to many but since I don't talk about it anymore and don't share my experiences with even my family, I found out I can pass for someone almost normal lol.

  • Adam Pinkusiewicz

    What stupid propaganda !
    There's no such thing as STPD.
    I'm 100% sure the maker of this video never met a so-called Schizotypal person on his life.
    He read this made-up diagnosis in the DSM-5, or worse, read it from Wikipedia, then decided to make a video about it.

    Just another way to pathologize people and take their money.

  • Jess

    Whoop my Papi has Schizophrenia that explains it XD

  • Tree Hugger

    I'm not sure if I have shizoytal personality disorders or i just have a mixture of OCD, social anxiety, general anxiety, and borderline personality disorders

  • Mr.Mynard’s Historic Vineyard

    I have this and it's tough

  • Ander Jem

    I was just diagnosed with this and I don't believe this is me. I'm not really uncomfortable around people, and I do have hallucinations. I don't agree.

  • Mythrodak

    they say never self diagnose , never self diagnose, im trying not to but its really h ard.

  • Gabriela de Moraes

    Are you from Osmosis channel???!!!

  • Ben Garrison

    It's not a "disorder", you fucking normies reeeeeeee

  • Tiny Robot

    Are you the same guy form that Osmosis channel

  • SickBoy

    I think one of my dad's friends might have this, but he had violent tendencies in addition.



  • ano nymous

    There are tests contrary to your statement, that diagnose schizotypal. MMPI-2 is such a test. It was used for my schizotypal diagnosis. I have schizoid and avoidant personality disorder as well. All this was diagnosed with the MMPI-2 test.

  • B Charron

    Thanks for the video! I think my son may have this condition. He has had a couple of psychotic episodes, and He has some strange beliefs,and no anti-psychotic med can change his mind. They just make him feel worse, and feelings of wanting to die even after being switched to his 5th anti-psychotic, and he cannot sleep more than a couple of hours, and his depression is increasing. It is so depressing. Sure his psychosis like symptoms have disappeared but I fear that one day he may take his life. I think he needs to get off these meds. Just curious what you should use to treat this condition whether its meds and therapy? Thanks so much!

  • Rasmusorum

    I really don't hope too many STPD's hear this. Its not true, that it won't change over time and age. Some people go visit the shrink, because they have a hard time in life, and get told that they are skizotypic. This is enforcing bad self esteem and makes you think that you are stuck in this delusion.

  • petia ivailova

    I'm sorry, but I have to write it: that's moronic. Most of the people on this planet have magical thinking (do you forgot about religion?) – so the minority desides that the majority of the human race have a disorder and it has to be treated? lol

  • Hello Oubort

    There are plenty of normal people who believe in superstitions or the occult. I don't get where the line is supposed to be.

  • monkaS

    Literally every human throughout history has been highly superstitious and mythologically oriented. That is not a psychopathology.

  • StarChild7th

    Says who?? Rockafeller’s American Medical Association?? Have you ever heard of Voice to Skull technology???

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